Pterygium

Ihlobo liyeza, kwaye xa usonwabela ukukhanya kwelanga, umonakalo we-UV awunakuthintelwa.Usenokuba uyazi ukuba ukuchanabeka kakhulu kwimitha ye-UV kukhawulezisa ukuguga kolusu, kodwa usenokungazi ukuba ukuchanabeka kakhulu kwimitha ye-UV nako kwandisa umngcipheko wezinye izifo zamehlo.

I-Pterygium sisihlunu esipinki, esinenyama, esingunxantathu esikhula kwi-cornea.Inokuchaphazela kakhulu umbono.Kufunyaniswe ukuba ipterygium ixhaphake kakhulu kubantu abahlala ngaphandle ixesha elide, njengokusefa nokutyibiliza ekhephini., abalobi nabalimi.

Ukongeza, ukuvezwa okugqithisileyo kwe-UV kwandisa umngcipheko we-cataract kunye nomhlaza wamehlo, nangona ukwenzeka kwezi zifo kuyinkqubo ende, kodwa xa sele kwenzekile, kuya kubeka impilo yamehlo emngciphekweni.

Amaxesha amaninzi, sikhetha ukunxiba izibuko zelanga ngenxa yokubengezela kwelanga, kodwa njengabasebenzi kwishishini leempahla zamehlo, ndiyathemba ukwazisa wonke umntu: ekukhanyeni kwelanga, ukunxiba izibuko zelanga akusenzi nje ukuba singabengezeli, kodwa kubaluleke ngakumbi. , inokunciphisa umonakalo we-UV emehlweni.

Uninzi lwethu sibadala sinomkhuba wokunxiba iindondo zelanga, ngaba abantwana kufuneka banxibe iindondo zelanga?

I-American Optometric Association (AOA) yakha yathi: Iiglasi zelanga ziyimfuneko kubo bonke ubudala, kuba amehlo abantwana abonakala ecacileyo kunabantu abadala, kwaye imitha ye-ultraviolet inokufikelela kwi-retina ngokulula, ngoko izibuko zelanga zibaluleke kakhulu kubo.

Ngoko asikuko ukuba abantwana abanakunxiba iindondo zelanga, kodwa kufuneka banxibe iindondo zelanga ngaphezu kwabantu abadala.

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Kungekudala emva kokuba owam umntwana ezelwe, ndanyamekela impilo yakhe yamehlo.Xa ndidla ngokuphuma nabantwana bam, kumele ukuba abantu abadala nabantwana banxibe iindondo zelanga ngaxeshanye.Ukongeza ekukhuseleni amehlo, zonke iintlobo "Zintle kakhulu!"kwaye “Kuhle kakhulu!”zizele kukuncoma.Umntwana unempilo kwaye wonwabile, ngoko kutheni ungakwenzi?

Ngoko ufanele umthengele njani umntwana wakho iiglasi zelanga?Singabhekisa kwezi ngongoma zilandelayo:

1. Izinga lokuvalwa kwe-UV

Khetha iiglasi ezivala i-100% yazo zombini imitha ye-UVA kunye ne-UVB ukhuseleko oluphezulu lwe-UV.Xa uthenga iiglasi zelanga zabantwana, nceda ukhethe umenzi oqhelekileyo, kwaye uqaphele ukuba ipesenti yokhuseleko lwe-UV kwincwadana yemiyalelo yi-100%.

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2. Umbala welensi

Isakhono sokukhusela i-UV seendondo zelanga asinanto yakwenza nombala welensi.Logama nje i-lens inokuthintela i-100% yemitha yelanga ye-ultraviolet, unokukhetha umbala welensi ngokokuthanda komntwana wakho.Kodwa uphando lwangoku lubonisa ukuba ukuvezwa kwexesha elide ekukhanyeni okubonakalayo okunamandla aphezulu, okukwaziwa nangokuthi "ukukhanya okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka," kunokubangela umonakalo wamehlo, ngoko xa ukhetha umbala we-lens, cinga ukukhetha i-amber okanye i-lens yobhedu ukuvala ukukhanya okuluhlaza..

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3. Ubungakanani beLens

Izibuko zelanga ezinamalensi amakhulu azikwazi nje ukukhusela amehlo kuphela, kodwa zibonelela ngokukhusela iinkophe kunye nolusu olujikeleze amehlo, ngoko ke kungcono ukhethe izibuko zelanga ezinamalensi amakhulu.

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4. Izinto zeLens kunye nesakhelo

Ngenxa yokuba abantwana bekhuthele kwaye besebenza, iiglasi zabo zelanga kufuneka zihlangabezane nemigangatho yemidlalo, kwaye kufuneka bakhethe iilensi ze-resin ezikhuselekileyo kwaye baphephe iilensi zeglasi.Isakhelo kufuneka sibe bhetyebhetye kwaye sigobe ngokulula ukuqinisekisa ukuba iiglasi zifanelekile ebusweni.

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5. Malunga nebhanti elastiki

Ekubeni kuthatha ixesha ukuba iintsana ziqhelane nokunxiba iindondo zelanga, ilastiki inceda ukuba iindondo zelanga zihlale zithe mbende ebusweni bazo yaye zibathintele ekubeni bangasoloko bezikhupha ngenxa yokufun’ ukwazi.Ukuba unako, khetha isakhelo esinokuthi sitshintshwe phakathi kweetempile kunye ne-elastic, ukwenzela ukuba xa iintsana zikhula kwaye ziyeke ukudonsa izibuko zelanga, zinokuthi zitshintshwe ngeetempile.

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6. Abantwana abaneengxaki ze-refractive

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Abantwana abanxiba iindondo ukuze babone kufutshane okanye babone kude banokukhetha ukunxiba iilensi ezitshintsha umbala, ezikhangeleka njengeendondo eziqhelekileyo ngaphakathi endlwini, kodwa zibe mnyama ngokuzenzekelayo ekukhanyeni kwelanga ukuze zikhusele amehlo omntwana.

Ngokubhekiselele kwisitayile, kubantwana abadala, kungcono ukubavumela ukuba bakhethe uhlobo abaluthandayo, kuba abantwana abathandana nabazali basenokungasithandi, kwaye ukuhlonipha ukhetho lwabo kuya kubenza bakulungele ngakumbi ukunxiba iindondo zelanga.

Ngelo xesha, kufuneka kukhunjulwe ukuba umonakalo wokukhanya kwelanga emehlweni akwenzeki nje kwiintsuku ezinelanga entwasahlobo nasehlotyeni, kodwa kwenzeka ekwindla nasebusika kunye neentsuku ezinamafu, kuba ukukhanya kwelanga kunokudlula kwinkungu kunye namafu amancinci, ngoko ke nanini na ungaphandle khumbula nje ukunxiba iindondo zelanga ze-UV kunye nomnqwazi onomphetho obanzi.

Okokugqibela, kufuneka sazi ukuba abazali banxiba iindondo zelanga xa bephuma, ezingakhuseli nje kuphela, kodwa zikwamisela umzekelo omhle ebantwaneni babo yaye zibakhokelela ekubeni babe nomkhwa omhle wokunxiba iindondo zokukhusela amehlo abo.Ngoko ke, xa uthatha abantwana bakho usiya kunxiba iimpahla zomzali nomntwana, ninokunxiba iindondo zelanga ezintle kunye.


Ixesha lokuposa: Apr-27-2022